The governance structure which consists of the board Management and management team of the University College Hospital, Ibadan was established by an Act of Parliament No 26 in 1952, with powers to formulate policies and provide supervisory control on the day-to-day admission of the Hospital. The act was amended by the University Teaching Hospitals (Reconstitution of Boards) Act No. 74 of 1979 which, six years later, was succeeded by the University Teaching Hospitals (Reconstitution of Boards, etc.) Decree 10 of 1985 which is deemed to have come into operation on 1st of January, 1985.
Section 7 of the 1985 decree gives the Board wide powers “to do anything which, in its opinion is calculated to facilitate the carrying out of its functions” and these include the duty to construct, equip, maintain and operate appropriate facilities for the instruction of medical students. Section 19 of the same decree interprets a medical student as a person whose course of instruction is designed not only to enable him qualify as a medical practitioner but which is also “designed for further training of medical practitioners.” In the pursuit of this statutory duty that the University College Hospital, Ibadan Board of Management had since 1977, formally established a Residency Training Programme and determined the ground rules for its operations. In determining the rules and regulations governing the administration of the programme, the Board consulted widely with professional associations, postgraduate examining bodies nationally and internationally from groups and individuals and the Departments of Hospital Services in the Federal Ministry of Health, in order to ensure excellence in programme content and effective implementation.